Demuth painted the first in his series of "poster portraits," symbolic portraits of fellow artists and writers, including William Carlos Williams, Georgia O'Keeffe, John Marin and Arthur Dove. These works took their form in part from the visual vocabulary of a newly emerging American popular culture - the billboards, advertising slogans and neon signs that marked the American commercial landscape.

Demuth was one of the first of his contemporaries championed by Alfred Stieglitz in his New York galleries to have work acquired by the Metropolitan Museum of Art for its permanent collection. In 1923, the museum purchased Demuth's Flowers and Pine Cones, 1918.

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